Water purification system


The earliest evidence of water purification comes from ancient civilizations describing methods such as boiling water and flirting through sand. In 500 BCE Greek physician Hippocrates discussed a technique called “The Hippocratic Sleeve” in which he filtered water using a cloth bag. After the Greece era, the Roman Era started they also practiced the filtration process for clarifying water. During the Middle Ages water purification techniques were limited, and water quality often depended on the different types of sources. In 1800 the advanced techniques were made by municipalities for water treatment.

Water purification system

The first public water treatment was established in Paisley, using the filtration. In the 20th century, chlorination began to be used for water treatment. In the late 20th century, modern techniques are introduced to water treatment. Advanced methods are introduced such as reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, etc, which are more effective techniques.

Introduction of water purification system:

Water is the most beneficial for life. Purified water is a natural gift for humans. Water purification for human consumption is based on contaminants such as chemical, biological, solids, and gases, including viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi, and parasites. Purifying water is important for safety for drinking, cooking, proposes, and other daily uses. Clean water is important for health, and overall fitness.

Why purify water is important?

It is important to remove the contamination of solids, and wastes, from water more effectively. It is the natural state, there are impurities in water like microorganisms, bacteria, and organic and inorganic compounds, which are harmful to humans and as well as aquatic organisms. So it is important to remove impurities from water for drinking, and cooking purposes.

What are the methods of purification of water?

There are different methods of water purification:

  • Reverse osmosis
  • Ultrafication
  • Solar disinfection
  • Distillation
  • Filtration
  • Membrane filtration
  • Ion exchange
  • Chlorination
  • Ultraviolet purification technique, etc.

What steps are taken for the maintenance of the water purification system?

Prevention treatment of water maintenance involves inspecting, checking control, and replacing parts. Precautions for water treatment maintenance are followed:

Visual checking:

During maintenance, the technicians will visualize through checking for a water purification system, under different conditions. Visual checking includes:

  • Check instruments that are used for water treatment
  • Visualize the level of brine in a tank or water
  • Check the pressure
  • Visualize drain system


Backwash means sending water flow towards the industries for water treatment. Through these steps, we can remove debris, solid resins,  etc. This can improve water efficiency and make it available for drinking.

Replacement Parts:

The water purification system includes membrane filtration and needs to be replaced regularly. If the equipment is not regularly changed it not work properly. Technicians can identify the parts that are replaced or may not replaced.

Sources of wastewater:

The main sources of water treatment are:

  • Industrial waste
  • Sewage wastewater
  • Agricultural waste 
  • Rainwater

Advantages of Water Purification System:

The advantages of water purification are explained below:

Health Benefits:

Contaminated water includes bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and chemicals that increase waterborne disease. If contamination is removed from water it can reduce dangerous risks and improve overall health and fitness.

Water Purification System

Better taste:

Removing impurities from wastewater can enhance the taste and odor of the water, making it more suitable for drinking and cooking purposes.

Environmental advantage:

The clarified water reduces the use of plastic bottles, decreasing plastic waste. So it directly decreases the use of carbon produced by plastic waste in the environment.

Related Topic=Science Translational Medicine

Cost savings:

through water treatment techniques at home, it is easy to purify the water at the cheese price. It is better than purchasing a water bottle.

Protection against impurities:

They protect against impurities, including heavy metals, pesticides, and industrial or home garbage wastes. A water purification system is most important for good health and well-being.

Disadvantages of the Water Purification System:

The disadvantages of the water treatment system are the following:

Limited scope:

All systems did not remove all contaminations like activated carbons did not, remove the heavy metals, filtration may not remove the solids particles of sands, osmosis did not remove the chemicals, sedimentation did not remove the certain chemicals, etc.

Installation difficulties:

Some systems need professional installation, which may be costly and require complexity.


Almost all purification techniques require regular maintenance such as filter replacement parts, which may be time-consuming.

Initial costs:

Water purification systems of high quality can be expensive to purchase, and install. The systems need an exciting investment.

Water quality parameters:

Water classificationHardness concentrations
Soft water<50mg/L
Moderate to hard 50 TO 150 mg/L
Hard water150 TO 300 mg/L
Very hard>300 mg/L

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQS):

Which is the best method for water treatment?

The best method for water purification is Reverse Osmosis. This technique consists of four units. It filters impurities more than 50 microns pore size.

Is purified water safe for drinking purposes?

Yes, purified water is safe for drinking for everyone, including adults, infants, and as well older. However, it is significant to ensure the system is maintained properly, from contaminations.

What is a water treatment system?

A water treatment system is a technique that is used to remove impurities and contaminated particles. And harmful substances, from water, making water safe for drinking or cooking purposes.


Water plays an important role in our lives. Our body is composed of water about 70%. Water purification system offers an advantageous way to improve the quality of water, increase taste, and odor, promoting our health and fitness. The different techniques provide a more efficient and improving quality of water. In short, clean water is a precious source, that is crucial for life and fitness. The process of water treatment is important it is because we can understand that water is a great blessing for us. This water purification system includes the cost of maintenance as these techniques are easily available for users and customers.

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